Create Linux packages from source with CheckInstall
If you have used Linux, or its cousin BSD, for a while, you might have tried installing something from source. It’s pretty easy. Typically, you download a compressed archive, extract it,
cd into the directory and type the following into your terminal:
./configure make sudo make install
And that’s it: you’ve compiled some software from source and installed it on your computer. You’re a proper Linux user now. The problem comes when you want to remove it. Some packages will provide a convenient
make uninstall command, but then again they might not and you could very well be stuck hunting down all the files yourself and removing them one by one.
But there is a better way. Instead of running
make install, Debian-based distributions provide a little program called CheckInstall, which assembles a
.deb package from the source first and then installs it with the usual package management tools. Now our terminal input looks like this:
./configure make sudo checkinstall
The effect is the same: the software is installed. But now you can use your regular package management tools, such as
apt, to remove it again later:
dpkg -r foo
Interestingly, CheckInstall can also produce
.rpm packages, so this should work on Fedora-based distributions as well.